A comparative study of mother attitude on breastfeeding in rural and urban areas in Sleman District, Yogyakarta Special Region
Purpose: This study determines the comparison of mothers attitudes about breastfeeding in rural and urban areas of Sleman Regency.
Method: This research is a quantitative research with a comparative descriptive type and uses a cross sectional design. This research was conducted in January-March 2020 in 10 public health centers in Sleman Regency which were selected by cluster random sampling. The sample of this research is breastfeeding mothers who have children aged 1-7 months. Sampling by purposive, random, and consecutive sampling and obtained 420 respondents. Data collection was carried out using the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale (IIFAS) questionnaire which consisted of 17 statement items. Research analysis using Mann Whitney test, Spearman test, and Eta test
Results: The results of the breastfeeding attitude score for breastfeeding mothers in rural areas were the median value of 60 (min-max 49-72) and in urban areas the median value was 60 (min-max 45-77). There was no significant difference in the attitude of breastfeeding to mothers in rural areas and urban areas (p=0,769). External variables, namely maternal age (p=0,026) and education (p<0,001) had a significant relationship with breastfeeding attitudes (p<0,05), while parity status (p=0,261), work status (F=0,283) and experience received information on breastfeeding (F=0,345) showed no significant relationship with breastfeeding attitudes.
Conslusion: The attitude of breastfeeding mothers in rural and urban areas is almost the same and there is no significant difference between the areas where they live, namely rural and urban areas with breastfeeding attitudes.