Uji Kinerja Teknologi Kontrol Tepat Guna untuk Peningkatan Kualitas Produksi Sutera Alam

https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.9484

Lilik Sutiarso(1*), Atris Suyantohadi(2), Hari Purwanto(3), Radi Radi(4)

(1) Jurusan Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada Jl. Sosio Yustisia, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281
(2) Jurusan Teknologi Industri Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada Jl. Sosio Yustisia, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281
(3) Fakultas Biologi Universitas Gadjah Mada
(4) Jurusan Teknik Pertanian, Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Gadjah Mada Jl. Sosio Yustisia, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The world demand of raw-silk provides a great opportunity to the development of raw-silk production in Yogyakarta. Recently, only 21% of the overall world demand of raw-silk is fulfilled, whereas Indonesia contributes only 0.1% per year. The main problem is the lack of quality of raw-silk. The optimum growth of silkworm depends on micro environments, i.e. temperature, humidity, aeration, and light intensity. The research aimed at designing an automated “on/off” control technology in the silkworm rearing environmental monitoring in the farming system, while the expected result was high-grade quality of cocoon. In the research, two different conditions of silkworm growing environments were compared, i.e. controlled environment (in the rearing box) and uncontrolled environment. The result indicated that there was increase in  the quality of cocoon. Test of cocoons in laboratory showed that the average thickness of cocoons in controlled rearing environment and in rearing environment was 0.033 cm and 0.029 cm, respectively. The percentage of cocoons in controlled rearing environment was higher than cocoons in normal environment.


Keywords


Raw-silk; micro environments; controlling; cocoon quality

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.9484

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Agritech (print ISSN 0216-0455; online ISSN 2527-3825) is published by Faculty of Agricultural Technology, Universitas Gadjah Mada in colaboration with Indonesian Association of Food Technologies.


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