Aplikasi Analisis Multivariat Berdasarkan Warna untuk Memprediksi Brix dan pH pada Pisang

Yohanita Maulina Akbar, Rudiati Evi Masithoh, Nafis Khuriyati

Abstract


In this research, Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) model was used to predict Brix and pH of banana based on RGB and Lab color values. Banana samples varied in color and ripening level from less ripen to ripen. RGB and Lab values were measured non-destructively using colormeter, while Brix and pH were determined using conventional method in laboratory. Multivariate analysis was done using the Unscrambler ® X 10.3 (CAMO, AS, OLSO, Norway, and trial version). Results showed that calibration model using MLR was able to predict Brix and pH of banana based on RGB and Lab color values. Furthermore, validation data were used to test the selected models. MLR model to predict Brix based on RGB and Lab validation resulted in 0.8 and 0.84 of determination coefficient between observation and prediction data. The model was also able to predict pH based on RGB and Lab values with 0.71 and 0.79 of determination coefficient between observation and prediction data.

 

ABSTRAK

Pada penelitian ini, model Multiple Linear Regression (MLR) digunakan untuk memprediksi Brix dan pH pada buah pisang berdasarkan nilai warna Red Green Blue (RGB) dan Lab. Pisang yang dianalisis mempunyai variasi warna dari kurang masak sampai masak. Parameter warna RGB dan Lab dilakukan secara non-destruktif dengan menggunakan colormeter, sedangkan pengukuran kualitas internal yaitu Brix dan pH ditentukan secara destruktif atau dengan prosedur konvensional di laboratorium. Aplikasi analisis multivariat yang digunakan adalah Unscrambler ® X 10.3 (CAMO, AS, OLSO, Norway, versi trial). Analisis data menunjukkan bahwa model kalibrasi MLR dapat digunakan untuk memprediksi Brix dan pH berdasarkan parameter warna RGB dan Lab pada buah pisang. Selanjutnya, data validasi digunakan untuk menguji model MLR terpilih. Model kalibrasi MLR dapat memprediksi Brix berdasarkan nilai RGB dan Lab dengan nilai koefisien determinasi (R2) sebesar 0,8 dan 0,84, secara berurutan. Sedangkan koefisien determinasi (R2) untuk pH berdasarkan warna RGB dan Lab adalah 0,71 dan 0,79.


Keywords


Brix; Lab; Multiple Linear Regression (MLR); pH; RGB

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.17022

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