Uji Deteriorasi Terkontrol (UDT) ‎untuk Memperkirakan Masa Simpan Benih Kedelai (Glycine max (L.) Merr.)

https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.34571

Pepi Nur Susilawati(1*), Anis Andrini(2), Evi Dwi Sulistya Nugroho(3), Ulima ‎ Darmania Amanda(4)

(1) BPTP Banten, Jl. Raya Ciptayasa KM 1 Ciruas Serang, Banten, 42182
(2) Balai Penelitian Tanaman Buah Tropika, Karang Plosok, Malang
(3) Balai Penelitian Tanaman Hias, Cipanas Cianjur Jawa Barat
(4) BPTP Banten, Jl. Raya Ciptayasa KM 1 Ciruas Serang, Banten, 42182
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


Deterioration of seeds during storage may reduce the supply of high-quality seeds which become the limiting ‎factor of soybean production in tropical countries. Controlled Deterioration Test (CDT) is one of the ‎fastest vigor testing methods. The objective of this study was to achieve the suitable moisture content and ‎duration of CDT treatment in soybean seed, then establish a model that associated with the seed vigor in ‎the field after a certain time of storage. Split-plot with 2 factors, namely seed varieties and the combination of ‎moisture content and heat exposure duration were used to determine the influence of CDT treatment. ‎Another split-plot for 2 factors, namely storage period and seed varieties were used to determine the effect ‎of shelf life. Viability parameters were observed by germination strength (GS) and seedling vigor index (VI), ‎using a rolled paper towel method. The results showed that there was an interaction between soybean seed ‎varieties and the combination of seed moisture content treatment with duration of CDT exposure. Sindoro ‎and Tanggamus varieties had higher viability and storability than other varieties. Combinations of 28% seed ‎moisture content for 24 hours CDT duration were sensitive enough to evaluate the physiological potential of ‎soybean seeds, providing information that was closely related to seed germination after stored for 1 month. ‎

Keywords


germination; seedling vigor; shelf life; soya bean; viability

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.22146/agritech.34571

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